Shoulder Surgery

What is Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery?

Shoulder arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery used to diagnose and treat problems with the shoulder. Arthroscopy may be required if you have rotator cuff tears or shoulder impingement. Minimally invasive surgery necessitates smaller incisions than traditional surgery. Every incision is roughly the size of a keyhole.

Through a small incision in your skin, your surgeon inserts a small camera called an arthroscope. This camera records images of your shoulder joint and displays them on a video screen. These images are examined by your provider in order to determine the cause of your injury. If you require a shoulder repair, the provider will use miniature surgical instruments to restore the mobility of your shoulder.

When is Shoulder Arthroscopy Recommended?

DR. Apoorva Patwardhan, the Best shoulder specialist in Pune recommends arthroscopic shoulder surgery when your condition is not responding to nonsurgical treatment.

The following are the most commonly performed shoulder arthroscopic procedures:

  • Ligament reconstruction
  • Rotator cuff repair
  • Removal or repair of the labrum
  • Bone spur removal
  • Surgical removal of inflamed tissue
  • Removal of loose cartilage
  • Repair for recurrent shoulder dislocation

What are the types of shoulder replacements?

Your surgeon will discuss with you the type of shoulder replacement you may require. There are following choices:

  1. Hemiarthroplasty: Only the ball and stem are replaced in this procedure. The ball is connected to the stem, which is articulated with your natural socket.
  2. Resurfacing Hemiarthroplasty: This procedure involves replacing the humeral head’s joint surface with a cap-like prosthesis that lacks a stem.
  3. Anatomic Total Shoulder Replacement: A highly polished metal ball attached to a stem on the humeral side and a plastic cup on the glenoid socket replaces the arthritic joint.
  4. Stemless Total Shoulder Arthroplasty: This is a bone-preserving total shoulder arthroplasty in which the metallic ball is attached to the upper arm without the use of a stem.
  5. Reverse Total Shoulder Replacement: The joint is literally reversed in the reverse total shoulder replacement, with the metal ball replacing the glenoid socket and a plastic cup attached to the stem and moved to the upper arm bone (humerus).

What Happens during the Arthroscopic Surgical Procedure?

Nurses, physicians, technicians, and anesthesiologists will be present in the operating room. The operating room will be both bright and cool. There are blankets available to keep you warm. The room will appear very busy and somewhat noisy due to the number of people working. After that, you will be moved to the operating table and made comfortable. To shield and protect the surgical site, sterile surgical draping will be hung. Throughout the surgery, the anesthesiologist will remain by your side, monitoring your condition.

What Should I Expect After Shoulder Arthroscopy?

In most cases, you will be able to return home the same day as the surgery, but you will need someone to drive you home, especially if general anaesthesia is administered. In some cases, the orthopaedic surgeon advised an overnight hospital stay.

Following your arthroscopic procedure, you should consider the following:

  1. Immobility of the Shoulder: The amount of shoulder mobility is determined by the procedure used during surgery. However, your doctor will provide you with all necessary instructions, which you must strictly adhere to. Following the procedure, your shoulder may be in a sling, swath, or brace.
  2. Incision Care: Keep the incision site clean and dry. Dressings for incisions are typically light and must be worn for a few days. The dressing may drain during the first 24 hours, but it usually stops. If the dressing on the incision is saturated with blood and the bleeding does not stop, consult your orthopaedic specialist.
  3. Ice : Most of our orthopaedic specialists recommend applying an ice pack to the shoulder. Ice can help you manage your pain and swelling. Excessive swelling is uncommon, but it should be reported to your doctor if it occurs. Use the ice for at least 20 minutes three to four times per day. Never put ice directly on your skin. Instead, place a towel or soft cloth between your skin and the ice bag.
  4. Medications: You will be prescribed pain medications, which are usually in pill form. These pills will alleviate your discomfort.

Why DR.Apoorv Patwardhan for Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery in Pune?

Dr Apoorva Patwardhan’s clinic offers pioneering solutions for all kinds of shoulder-related problems. His Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery involves the use of medicines with the highest quality assurance, unsurpassable therapeutic measures and innovative surgery techniques.

  • The best treatment plan to help you live a healthy and functional life.
  • Various advanced technological machines are used to treat patients.
  • No. of surgeries performed
  • Obtain the best possible outcome with the lowest possible chance of recurrence.
  • Patient-friendly surgeon

What are the advantages of arthroscopic shoulder surgery?

Depending on your specific concern, you may have shoulder arthroscopy instead of open surgery (with a larger incision). Arthroscopy has a lower risk of infection and a shorter recovery time than open surgery. Shoulder arthroscopy is also less likely to cause joint stiffness and pain than open surgery.

What are the Risks Factors of Shoulder Surgery?

Every surgery carries some level of risk. Following shoulder replacement surgery, there are several potential complications:

  • Infections : Minor wound infections are treated with antibiotics, whereas major infections may necessitate additional surgery.
  • Dislocation: The implant may dislocate during a reverse total shoulder replacement, necessitating closed reduction or surgery to reduce or revise the implant.
  • Other Prosthesis Issues: Prostheses can wear out and the components can become loose. Sometimes more surgery is required.
  • Nerve Damage: During surgery, nerves can be damaged.
    If you have diabetes, you are at a higher risk of complications. Diabetes patients are more likely to develop wound complications and infections.


It is normal to experience discomfort after arthroscopic shoulder surgery. The severity of pain varies, but medication and physical therapy can help.

To aid healing and recovery after shoulder surgery, consume a well-balanced diet rich in lean protein, fiber, fruits, and vegetables.

Shoulder replacement surgery has a success rate of more than 90%, providing patients with significant pain relief and improved mobility.

The time it takes to recover from shoulder replacement surgery varies, but it usually takes 3-6 months. Physical therapy is frequently required for complete recovery.

Yes, shoulder replacement is a major surgery in which the damaged parts of the shoulder joint are replaced with artificial components.